Image 1 - digital information model developed by IM Consult.
Features of digital modeling
Digital modeling involves the collection and complex processing of architectural, technological, economic and other information. In the process of working on the model, it will be structured, interconnected and located in a single information array. The structure itself and everything related to it will be considered as a single object. Each component of the structure is described in the model by a set of numeric values of the set attributes. Interconnectedness provides a change of articulated elements. For example, by enlarging the doorway, the engineer will see how it will fit into the corresponding wall and surrounding elements, how the amount of materials will change. In the future, you can understand what will happen to the loads on the load-bearing structure.
In the process of working on the project, a visual 3-dimensional layout of the building is formed, and the information model allows you to view it from different viewing points and in different sections. Visualization of an object plays an important role in the perception of the future structure, understanding its location in space and landscape setting.
In the process of working on the project, engineering networks are prescribed in detail, as an integral part of the digital image. Their location, components, inputs/outputs are also visualized in a 3D model.
Possibilities of information models
Digital design makes it possible to significantly reduce the number of design errors. Any collision is visible and serves as a reason to correct the elementary components at the blueprint stage.
The BIM model is multidimensional. Unlike the classical flat design, it has at least 3 dimensions. It is thanks to this that the visualization of the object is achieved. Drawings, specifications, etc. are automatically generated according to this model, but digitalization has no restrictions on the number of measurements. Software for BIM design currently makes it possible to work out information models of buildings and structures at the following levels (dimensions):
- Time calculations, formation of construction, operation, repair and demolition schedules;
- Calculation of the cost of materials and works, preparation of estimates;
- A complete digital double of the structure with a reflection of all its life cycles.
Multidimensionality is not always objectively necessary. In some cases, a 3D digital model with elements of time and finance is sufficient.
A digital information model of a building can be built on an existing object. On its basis, it is possible to regulate and monitor the operation, renovate and carry out demolition. It can be supplemented with information and will be stored digitally without time limit.
Advantages of using
Demolition of overall structures is not an easy task. The security of neighboring buildings depends on it. This problem is especially relevant in historical areas of cities. It is not uncommon when the demolition of one house affects the structures of neighboring ones. If there is a BIM information model of the building to be demolished and digital images of neighboring structures, it is possible to predict the consequences of demolition and take security measures in advance. Artificial destruction can follow an unpredictable scenario. BIM design makes it possible to design a safe and controlled demolition.
Any construction is associated with economic costs. The information model of a building under construction allows them to be significantly reduced, because thanks to it it is possible not only to plan expenses and deadlines, but also to monitor compliance with schedules and spending money.
Consolidated information in different sections is available and useful to all project participants – the investor, the developer, the planning department, the engineering group and other interested parties.
You can create a digital object at any stage of its life cycle. The time and cost will depend on the design features and the depth of study. At IM-Consult, well-coordinated teams of specialists in the field of design, construction and IT participate in the creation of digital objects. By contacting us, you get a high-quality result, transparent cost and flexible pricing policy.